There are several orthodontic appliances that aid in treatment and can be used to correct any orthodontic problem. Here are some of the most common appliances and how they can benefit your treatment and contribute to your smile.
This is an appliance that is used to help move the upper first and second molars into proper positioning to correct a misaligned bite.
This appliance is one of the most effective devices for correcting severe misalignments in the teeth and jaw. As an early correction tool, this device creates a special force that guides the growth of the face and jaw for proper alignment. The back upper molars are gradually pushed into a correct bite.
Elastic Rubber Bands
These are common supplemental appliances used with braces to help move the teeth into proper alignment. The rubber bands connect to the brackets to force teeth into specific positions. They must be worn as directed to avoid prolonging treatment time due to a lack of desired movement in the teeth.
Rapid Palatal Expander (RPE)
For mouths where the upper arch is too narrow to properly fit with the lower arch, the upper arch must often be expanded. To accomplish this, an RPE device is placed to apply force to the upper arch for skeletal expansion.
These are common devices to aid in the creation of space to allow for orthodontic bands. The separators are placed between adjacent teeth so that orthodontic bands can be fitted to the molar teeth. These devices can cause discomfort after being placed but are essential for the orthodontic treatment in many patients.
Temporary Anchorage Devices, or TADs, are innovative devices that allow the orthodontist to move specific teeth in the desired direction without moving adjacent teeth. These devices are small titanium screws that are placed through the gum tissue and into the bone through a simple surgical procedure. These appliances can effectively shorten treatment time and reduce the need for other appliances.
This device is used to correct excessive overbites. This is composed of an acrylic pad that is cemented to the back of the upper four front teeth during the eruption of the molars. When biting, the lower front teeth hit the acrylic pad and eliminate the deep bite. A wedge can help lessen the time spent in the second phase of orthodontic treatment by reducing the overbite.
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